Thursday, September 30, 2010

Illegal Immigrants: US-Mexico: Border intelligence

Source: FBI

The El Paso Intelligence Center, led by the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, provides tactical intelligence to law enforcement around the world through watch operations, analytical support, and access to a variety of state and federal databases.

It’s just before 9:30 a.m., and people are gathering in a large operations room at the El Paso Intelligence Center (EPIC) for the daily morning briefing. Soon, eyes are drawn to the maps and monitors around the room as representatives from a variety of federal and state agencies provide their most current information on crime and law enforcement activities along the Southwest border.

EPIC provides 24/7 tactical intelligence to law enforcement around the world through watch operations, analytical support, and access to a variety of state and federal databases. Led by the Drug Enforcement Administration, it is also the nerve center for intelligence efforts on the Southwest border—and home base for the FBI’s Southwest Intelligence Group (SWIG).

“EPIC is a valuable asset in the fight against the cartels,” said Kevin Perkins, assistant director of our Criminal Investigative Division. That’s because the timely collection and sharing of intelligence is critical to stemming the flow of illegal drugs across the border into the United States. EPIC’s multi-agency approach ensures that federal, state, and local law enforcement have access to real-time intelligence.

About 300 agents, analysts, computer experts, translators, administrators, and support staff from 15 federal agencies work around the clock at EPIC to piece together raw intelligence from a variety of law enforcement databases into actionable intelligence that could lead to arrests, seizures, and the disruption of drug trafficking.

The Bureau maintains a staff of about a dozen agents and analysts at EPIC who contribute investigative and analytic resources. They also manage the SWIG, which provides additional intelligence to our key Southwest offices.

“The SWIG was created in 2009 in response to Southwest border office requests to better coordinate the intelligence that was out there,” said Keith Slotter, special agent in charge of our San Diego Field Office. “One of the issues we had in those offices was a lack of knowledge and sharing of information. It wasn't intentional—we just didn't have a good mechanism to do it.”

While Slotter was familiar with the issues his office was facing in San Diego, he often had less of an understanding of the issues faced in El Paso or Phoenix, for example. The SWIG was established to remedy this intelligence gap and to provide a big-picture look at the Southwest border.

“Now we get daily reports of raw intelligence coming from a variety of different sources,” Slotter said. “Every day I and many other people in San Diego and other divisions—several hundred people—get a two- or three-page summary of the day's events and what's going on. So I know what happened in Juarez today,” he added, “and what happened in Nogales and in other areas of interest so that we can draw some connectivity to what goes on here.”

EPIC and the SWIG provide the Bureau with a continually updated intelligence snapshot along the entire Southwest border. This is crucial because the border is the principal arrival zone for most of the illicit drugs smuggled into the country, as well as the main staging area for the subsequent distribution of drugs throughout the U.S.

“If we are going to be able to disrupt and dismantle the drug trafficking organizations,” Perkins said, “we need excellent intelligence gathering and sharing operations. EPIC and the SWIG give us these key capabilities.”