Monday, December 19, 2005

Country Focus: Georgia

Location: Southwestern Asia, bordering the Black Sea, between Turkey and Russia

Population: 4,677,401 (July 2005 est.)

Total Area: 69,700 sq km - slightly smaller than South Carolina

Climate: warm and pleasant; Mediterranean-like on Black Sea coast

Natural resources: forests, hydropower, manganese deposits, iron ore, copper, minor coal and oil deposits; coastal climate and soils allow for important tea and citrus growth

Environment - current issues: air pollution, particularly in Rust'avi; heavy pollution of Mtkvari River and the Black Sea; inadequate supplies of potable water; soil pollution from toxic chemicals

Environment - international agreements: party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands. Signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

National holiday: Independence Day, 26 May (1918); note - 26 May 1918 is the date of independence from Soviet Russia, 9 April 1991 is the date of independence from the Soviet Union

Economy - brief overview: Georgia's main economic activities include the cultivation of agricultural products such as citrus fruits, tea, hazelnuts, and grapes; mining of manganese and copper; and output of a small industrial sector producing alcoholic and nonalcoholic beverages, metals, machinery, and chemicals. The country imports the bulk of its energy needs, including natural gas and oil products. Its only sizable internal energy resource is hydropower.

Labor force: 2.1 million

Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 40%, industry 20%, services 40%

Agriculture - products: citrus, grapes, tea, hazelnuts, vegetables; livestock

Industries: steel, aircraft, machine tools, electrical appliances, mining (manganese and copper), chemicals, wood products, wine

Oil - production: 2,000 bbl/day

Oil - imports: NA

Oil - exports: NA

Exports: $909.4 million

Exports - commodities: scrap metal, machinery, chemicals; fuel reexports; citrus fruits, tea, wine

Imports: $1.806 billion (2004 est.)

Imports - commodities: fuels, machinery and parts, transport equipment, grain and other foods, pharmaceuticals

Imports - partners: Russia 14%, Turkey 11%, UK 9.3%, Azerbaijan 8.5%, Germany 8.2%, Ukraine 7.7%, US 6% (2004)

Government departments: Press Office Of President Of Georgia

Media: GeoTimes

Travel Information:
Georgian Travel Guide

Other useful links:
Georgische Kunst (Georgian art)
Millenium project (Georgian history, culture, biographies of prominent people, heraldic and cartography)
Gobelins from Georgia - Miss Mzia Bobokhidze

News headlines
Ethnic Minorities Council Established by Ombudsman Office
Georgian Citizens to Receive Passports in 24 Hours for Additional Payment
Ministry of Energy to Call Tender for Launching Small and Medium HES
Parliamentarians Demand Apologizes From Russian Government
Giorgi Khaindrava Presented List Of Arms In Tskhinvali

Previous articles in the series
Albania Botswana Cayman Islands Djibouti Ecuador Fiji

Next article: Tuesday Dec 27 - Honduras