Thursday, December 18, 2014

Colombia: Helping Colombian farmers move away from illicit crops towards fair trade chocolate

Agricultural advisor in Colombia splits open a fruit to expose cacao seeds, used to make chocolate. Photo: Scott Wallace / World Bank.

Source: UN

A sweet new partnership between the United Nations, the Colombian and Austrian Governments and a renowned chocolate manufacturer is slated to bring free-trade practices and a critical source of income to Colombian farmers who have long relied on revenues from illicit drug crops, the Organization’s Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has announced.

Launched today, the initiative – coordinated in tandem with, Zotter, an Austrian fair trade chocolatier – will see the introduction of a new premium chocolate bar made with cacao produced by small-scale farmers from Colombia’s Choc√≥ region.

The Zotter partnership will allow 1,250 farmer families to move away from the cultivation of illicit crops, such as coca leaves, and into commercially viable livelihoods, generating “markedly higher incomes than those made illegally,” according to a UNODC press release.

The project is part of a wider UN-backed Colombian Government programme – known as “Montebravo” – which reaches over 120,000 farmer families and was set up to help reduce the economic dependence of farmers on coca leaf production.

Founded in 2007, Montebravo unites 10 farmers associations which manage some 1,200 hectares of cacao and also provides for other income-generating activities tied to forestry and agroforestry production, such as sustainable forest management and forest timber harvesting.

“The viability of alternative sources of income ultimately depends on products that actually sell in national and export markets,” said UNODC Deputy Executive Director, Aldo Lale-Demoz at an unveiling event, which took place at the Zotter factory in Graz, Austria. “Thanks to Zotter and all the partners in this initiative, this is what is happening.”